Tilapia farming is becoming increasingly popular mainly because the fish is easy to raise both in small and large scale. Farming tilapia in small scale just requires a pond or a tank that has a supply of fresh oxygen that is necessary for the fish to breath. However, raising the fish requires a permit mainly because tilapia is not native to the United States. But many people are interested in raising the fish either as a hobby or as a small business venture where they raise the fish and then sell them for profits. Hence, it is important for the current and aspiring tilapia farmers to understand the basics of raising the fish.
One of the important aspects of farming tilapia is knowing how and when to breed the fish. The process of breeding is simple especially when done in the right way. The fishes which are breeding are usually separated from the others and kept in a small aquarium as the fingering are kept in a larger tank which has enough space to allow them grow effectively. The main challenge in keeping the fish of both sexes in one place is that tilapia starts breeding when they are between two and three months old which is a few months before they reach the age and size where they can be sold. This leads to the tank or pond being over populated with young fishes which have not yet reached market size. This is made worse by the fact that tilapia produces an average of a hundrend fingerlings in a week. As a way of averting this problem, people who practice farming tilapia usually use genetically selected breeders and hormones to ensure that the fingerings are of one sex to reduce breeding. Small scale farmers usually invest in the male fishes that have yy chromosomes which in turn produce almost a hundred male specimens.
One of the virtues that has made farming tilapia so popular is that their feeding is relative easy and economical since the fish eats almost anything. This is attributed to the fact that tilapia is an omnivore fish which prefers eating algae and other aquatic plants. Commercially available foods are considered more ideal for the fish since they enhance both the health of the fish and that of the person who will consume the fish. However there is also organic food and also several recipes for home made food.
Tilapia fish can survive in wide range of temperature as long as they are above sixty and below ninety degrees. They can also live in tanks of different shapes and sizes. All what the farmer needs to do is to clean the water using a filtration system to avoid nitrate, nitrite and ammonia build ups. The pH of the water also needs to be checked regularly so as to ensure that the water is ideal for the fish. Following these simple procedures makes farming tilapia easy and convenient.
It is evident that tilapia is a fish which requires little maintenance and care while compared with other types of fish. This has made its farming popular amongst people who sell them to make profits and those that raise them as hobbies. However, regardless of the purpose of farming tilapia, it is paramount to follow the simple procedures to ensure that the fishes grow faster and in good health.